The directed application of resources and cost efficiency are key issues in the Film/TV industry. But when it comes down to implementing sustainable measures that also introduce cost-savings, most industry representatives are unfamiliar with it. The source of this information is a survey that Green Film Shooting conducted in cooperation with the German Producers Alliance and professional Film/TV associations.
Although the use of renewables, waste separation, train trips, carpooling, the avoidance of disposable dishes as well as the consumption of local food are already established practices in the everyday routines of ordinary life, these Best Practices are not being utilized on the set because they don‘t fit into the routine workflows. „The time pressure to stay on schedule, then higher costs, changing routines, and the lack of a responsible supervisor all make implementation difficult“, says Oliver Damian, who produces international feature films such as Iron Sky with 27 Films Production.
„It wasn‘t that bad“, assures Berlin-based producer Doris Zander, who checked out green shooting when she produced the courtroom drama Nacht der Angst for ZDF. „If the production manager or the location manager are informed and show interest, then the rest of the crew picks up green practices.“ At Cologne-based Sony Pictures Film and TV Production, TV series were slated to go green in May 2014. „We are permanently enlarging our package of measures”, says Aurel Beck, Fiction Line Producer at Sony Pictures, which has already produced five climate-friendly TV series, which amounts to about 470 shooting days. „The most important issue is to raise sustainable production awareness among all the members of the team“, says Antje Campmann, Executive Producer at Riverside Entertainment, who is in charge of green production measures.
„Up until now, productions have permitted unlimited wastefulness, like using paper cups in catering or throwing out renewable resources after production wraps. It‘s happening not only in production offices but in the creative departments, as well, like production and costume design. The time pressure is immense“, admits costume designer Riccarda Merten-Eicher, who suggests that the whole crew should take a sustainability course before the start of production.
For some make-up artists, green thinking and acting is a matter of course. „Sustainable measures are no longer an option but simply an absolute necessity nowadays“, says the Munich-based make-up artist SanDee Kreinsen, who developed her own product line which, of course, reflects her requirements: environmentally friendly production, recyclable packaging, and natural cosmetics that are HD-compatible. According to her, it’s only natural that people should bring their own cups to the film set.
„If I were a producer, I’d already be producing climate-neutrally because there are plenty of examples to show that it works“, says Berlin-based make-up artist Julia Baumann. „I try to be as green as possible. I haven’t used any plastic cups from catering for years. That’s where it starts! Instead of a goodbye present for all the members of the crew, how about handing out a welcome gift — a refillable thermos cup!“
“The time for half-measures and climate denial is over. Unless we move quickly away from fossil fuels, we’re going to destroy the air we breathe, the water we drink, the health of our children, grandchildren and future generations. If we’re going to avoid the worst of the impacts, then we’ve just got to act boldly. And we must act immediately."
Actor, Director, Producer, Environmentalist
"The media has a powerful role to play in the fight against climate change. Through films, television, and all media outlets, we must continue to deliver the message that solutions are out there and are happening now. We have to make it attractive for people to take action. Movies like Avatar, The Day After Tomorrow, and documentaries like Years of Living Dangerously, which I was proud to be a part of, have been very popular, reaching and inspiring millions of people. And I believe films in particular can really inspire and make people want to take action. It’s great to see some of my film-industry friends working with climate related organizations to push forward those messages."
„It‘s high time to reorganize film production in Germany in a ‚greener‘ and more sustainable way. So far, I am flabbergasted by how much our industry works in environmentally harmful ways.To this very day, it starts with until today one-sided print-outs of scripts, and then it continues with plastic bottles in production offices and lots of plastic waste with every catered meal, and it doesn‘t stop with the limousines that pull up to a red carpet.
For many years, people have sneered at me when I brought my own cup or I declined to eat cheap meat served on paper or plastic plates with plastic knives and forks. It would be great if the Green Shooting Card could change all that.“
Director (Ben X, Time of My Life)
„It’s absolutely great that filmmakers all over the world are trying to clean up their act, and are trying to film as sustainable as we possibly can. Still, I think we shouldn’t underestimate the incredible power of the moving image to also change the hearts and minds of people.
So, apart from trying to be more environmentally aware in our business, I think the big gain lies in how we might make everyone more environmentally aware. Yes, cinema can change the world.
I think filmmakers should start using the powerful weapon in our hands that is the camera.
Let’s not only try to do ‘less bad’. Let’s try to do right, and help drive the change that we all know needs to arrive.“
“We are living in a time in which we can’t afford to behave irresponsibly towards nature. The more important is it that film productions try to work as environmentally friendly as possible. A film team produces every day tons of garbage. I try to avoid using plastic cups on set, I bring my own cup, use ecofriendly cosmetics and avoid needless single rides.”
Photo ® Maddalena Arosio
Darren Aronofsky, Director, Noah / Jury President, 65th Berlin International Film Festival
“When we did Noah we knew we were making a film about the first steward of the earth, so we wanted to be good stewards ourselves. There’s so much waste on film sets. Because of groups like Earth Angel, we were able to change that a little bit.”
"As a TV and film producer I try to incorporate environmental storylines into my projects as much as possible. But it’s just as important, if not more, to ‚go green‘ behind the scenes! Therefore, I help run the Producers Guild of America’s Green Initiative.
We provide resources such as a Best Practices and a Carbon Calculator to help producers green their productions. We also partnered with all the major studios to create www.greenproductionguide.com which is a free green vendor database with over 2,000 vendors offering sustainable production solutions worldwide!"
Producer, Director and Visual Effects Supervisor (2001: A Space Odysee, Blade Runner)
"Trumbull Studios in Massachusetts is dedicated to being green as much as possible, including the use of LED lighting, solar power, and solar laptops. This is not just because our location has limited amperage and no three-phase, we believe we have a responsibility to our community and our planet to be a clean industry.
We are planning for digital photography in 3D 4K at 120 frames per second from remote and inaccessible locations that will not have available power. Solar is the way to go."
Dieter Kosslick, Director Berlin International Film Festival
„The Berlinale is already actively addressing the sustainability subject since years. We appreciate it very much that a growing number of filmmakers, among them this year‘s jury presiden Darren Aranofsky, is following green guidelines on set.“
Director of Photography (A Most Wanted Man)
‘I never have been told precisely what the rules are for shooting a green movie, but we are trying to do it. This is something new for me. Sometimes people overlight scenes at night. I don’t. If I can see with my own eyes, then it is enough for the film. In that sense I am a green DoP.’
Academy Award winner Jeremy Irons who stars in the Berlinale Competition entry The Night Train To Lisbon is a fan of source segregated recycling. „Especially in Germany you have done a lot for that. You are examplary in the matter of waste separation.“
The Hollywood actor travelled around the world to promote the environmntal documentary feature film Trashed by Candida Brady which deals with the global garbage problem: „We buy it, we bury it, we burn it and then we ignore it“, says Brady. „With Jeremy Irons as our guide, we discover what happens to the billion or so tons of waste that goes unaccounted for each year.“
Since the world premiere at the International Cannes Film Festival in 2012 Trashed picked up various nominations and awards at international festivals.